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In the years ahead, a considerable amount of additional funding will be available to upgrade existing and construct new roads, railways and waterways. Source: Colourbox / 7535010

Infrastructure as a foundation for growth, jobs and prosperity

Infrastructure

In Germany, we benefit from one of the best and most efficient transport networks in the world. If things are to stay this way, our existing transport infrastructure has to be permanently maintained, renewed or upgraded and new infrastructure has to be constructed. Investment in our transport infrastructure is an important foundation for growth, jobs, prosperity and quality of life.

Andreas Scheuer, Bundesminister

Source: http://www.andreas-scheuer.de/presse/

With the 2030 Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan and its upgrading acts as well as the investment ramp-up, we have launched the largest ever investment programme for transport infrastructure in Germany. We will consistently implement this programme in the years ahead.

Andreas Scheuer, Federal Minister of Transport and Digital Infrastructure

Background

Find out more about transport infrastructure.

Our society is becoming increasingly mobile. We are making more journeys than ever before, spending more and more of our lives in cars, planes, trains or other means of transport. Goods are not stored in warehouses but are delivered just in time. That is why a strategic vision is fundamental to the planning of the transport infrastructure network. This benefits you, as members of the public, and our economy.

Investment ramp-up to ensure mobility

The ever-increasing mobility in our society connects people and moves goods to their destinations as demand requires. As one of the leading exporting nations, Germany relies on a smoothly functioning transport system. However, growing mobility also results in increasing stress and strain on our transport infrastructure. As a result, there is a growing risk of congestion and delays. To ensure that Germany remains economically successful as a modern, attractive place for industry and services, and to enable you to enjoy a high quality of life, the Federal Government has launched its "investment ramp-up" for transport infrastructure. In the last few years, a considerable amount of additional funding was available to maintain and upgrade existing and construct new roads, railways and waterways. By 2018, federal government funding had increased to around 14 billion euros – a rise of almost 40 percent.

New construction projects will be subjected to a benefit-cost-analysis. Source: BMVI

The 2030 Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan

270 billion euros for our transport infrastructure

Every 10 to 15 years, the Federal Ministry of Transport prepares a masterplan for the federal transport infrastructure – the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan, or FTIP for short. It is the blueprint for the Federal Government's investment. It describes how the federal railway infrastructure, the federal trunk roads and the federal waterways are to be adapted to meet requirements and evolved. In August 2016, the 2030 Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan superseded the old 2003 Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan. The new FTIP comprises not only investment in the structural maintenance and repair of the transport infrastructure but also around 1,000 upgrading and new construction projects. It has a total level of funding of 269.6 billion euros. Of this, the roads account for around 49.3 percent, the railways for 41.6 percent and the waterways for 9.1 percent.

Structural maintenance to take precedence over upgrading and new construction

The top priority in the FTIP is the structural maintenance of the existing transport network. For this reason, the FTIP 2030 first determines how much money is needed for structural maintenance. Because the volume of traffic is constantly rising, existing transport infrastructure has to be upgraded and new infrastructure has to be constructed. Thus, for the FTIP 2030, around 2,000 proposals for upgrading and new construction projects in all modes of transport were reviewed. Are the projects necessary to manage future traffic levels? Are they beneficial to the whole economy? What impact will they have on environmental protection and nature conservation? To generate maximum benefit for the public and the economy, the funds will be channelled into projects with significant impacts on large areas. Major arteries and junctions on the transport network will be strengthened and bottlenecks removed. This will optimize the flow of traffic and enhance the capacity of the overall network.

Public participation with around 39,000 comments

For the first time, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure conducted a public participation exercise on the Draft FTIP 2030. All interested parties were able to obtain comprehensive information on the Draft FTIP 2030. The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure received a total of around 39,000 comments within the specified period and reviewed their contents. Given the high number of comments, they were not answered individually, but were dealt with in a consolidated form in a Report on the Participatory Process. This report describes, in a general manner, the key demands made, their appraisal by the Ministry and the need for amendments to the FTIP 2030 derived from the comments.

further information

Benchmarks of the FTIP 2030

The FTIP is a realistic and fundable overall strategy for the structural maintenance and construction of our transport infrastructure.

Between 2016 and 2030, a total of around 69 percent of the funds will be invested in the structural maintenance of transport infrastructure (in the FTIP 2003 the figure was 56 percent).

Investment will be made in those places where people and the economy derive the greatest benefit. 87 percent of the funds will be invested in projects with significant impacts on large areas.

On around 2,000 kilometres of motorways and around 800 kilometres of railway lines.

For the first time, the public was able to have a say in the FTIP – from the initial approach through project proposals to the final draft.

The FTIP is a realistic and fundable overall strategy for the structural maintenance and construction of our transport infrastructure.

The innovation forum’s objective is to progress transport projects in Germany more quickly. Source: Fotolia / djama

Innovation forum for speeding up the planning process

Progressing transport projects more quickly

You have undoubtedly been annoyed at least once by the fact that the four-lane express road that you use every day on your way to work has been a narrow two-lane chokepoint for months. Compared with other European countries, Germany, as a transit country for international long-distance traffic, already has a dense and good network of roads, railways and waterways. However, the planning and approval of construction works for the maintenance and upgrading of existing transport infrastructure and the construction of new infrastructure often take too long in Germany compared with other countries. For this reason, the Federal Minister Alexander Dobrindt has launched the Innovation Forum for Speeding up the Planning Process.

The Forum has presented its final report

What is the exact reason why planning in Germany takes so long compared with other countries? The Innovation Forum which consists of professionals from the public sector, academia, industry and associations, has identified potential for improvement in many fields. In May 2017, it presented an extensive set of proposals in the form of a final report, setting out how to speed up planning and approval procedures in the future. The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure has addressed twelve core concepts of the Forum in its Strategy for speeding up the planning process. These concepts are aimed at simplifying procedures, speeding up digitalization and organizing environmental protection in a practicable manner. The first steps for their implementation have already been taken.

Consolidating responsibilities for motorways in a "one stop shop"

Back in October 2016, the Federal Government and federal states reached agreement on a recast of the financial relations between the Federal Government and the federal states starting in 2020. This decision also involves a reform of the delegation of administrative powers, focusing on the federal motorways. Ownership of the motorways themselves is to remain in the hands of the Federal Government, as has been the case hitherto. The objective is to create a federal infrastructure company, which is to be responsible, as a one-stop shop, for the planning, construction, maintenance, operation and funding of the motorways. The establishment of such an infrastructure company is a crucial measure for speeding up the planning process by enabling a more streamlined planning of projects than has so far been the case in the different administrative structures of the federal states.

The "Transport Investment Report” contains information on every investment made in our federal railways, trunk roads and waterways. Source: Fotolia / bluedesign

Transport Investment Report

Transparency for parliament and the public

How much does the Federal Ministry of Transport invest each year in HGV parking areas on motorways? What are the investment priorities in federal railway infrastructure? Each year, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure compiles the investment in the railways, roads and waterways in the Transport Investment Report. It provides the German Bundestag, as the legislature, plus experts and interested members of the public with information on the investment by the Federal Government in its transport infrastructure.

More than 4.6 billion euros for new rail projects

The most recent Transport Investment Report, covering the year 2015, was submitted to the Bundestag in June 2017 and made available to the public on the Internet. It describes, for instance, that in 2015:

  • a total of 4.6 billion euros was provided for funding railway infrastructure;
  • around 5.3 billion euros was spent on investment in the federal trunk roads; over the period from 2001 to 2015, a total of 1,305 new motorway kilometres were constructed and 1,182 kilometres were widened to six or more lanes;
  • • in the case of the federal waterways, 1.8 billion euros was spent on investment, operation, maintenance and administration.
The planned infrastructure charge (passenger car toll - ”Pkw-Maut”) is a key pillar of the user pays system. Source: Fotolia / stockWERK

The "user pays" principle

Traffic funds transport

Our transport infrastructure in Germany is largely financed from the Federal Government's tax revenue and EU funds. There are no plans to change this in the future. However, to enable us to invest even more than in the past in the urgently required structural maintenance and upgrading of our transport infrastructure and the construction of new infrastructure and to be more independent of the Federal Government's budgetary situation, we want to push ahead with making greater use of the "user pays" principle. This means that the transport infrastructure is partly funded by the traffic that uses it. Two major pillars of the user pays principle are the HGV tolling scheme and infrastructure charging.

HGV tolling on all federal highways as of 2018

The HGV tolling scheme has been in place since 2005 and applies to commercial vehicles engaged in road haulage with a maximum permissible weight of 7.5 tonnes or more. With the additional revenue generated by the HGV tolling scheme, the Federal Government can ensure on a permanent basis that more investment is made. It is channelled directly into the modernization of our road infrastructure. At present, around 12,800 km of federal motorways and around 2,300 km of federal highways are tolled. However, most of the approximately 40,000 km of federal highways are not tolled, although they are used by HGVs and subjected to the stress and strain imposed by these vehicles. For this reason, HGVs will have to pay tolls for the use of all the approximately 40,000 km of federal highways as of 1 July 2018. This is likely to generate additional revenue totalling around two billion euros. The corresponding Fourth Federal Trunk Road Toll (Amendment) Act of 27 March 2017 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 564) entered into force on 31 March 2017. The preparatory organizational and technical work for widening the tolling scheme is on schedule.

Infrastructure charging: more opportunities, more fairness

Austria has been doing it since 1997, and Switzerland started way back in 1985. In almost all our neighbours, infrastructure charging (passenger car tolls) has been common practice for a long time. If we want to preserve a high-capacity transport network in Germany, there is no getting around passenger car tolls. The Act on the Introduction of Infrastructure Charging for Passenger Cars and Motor Homes of 12 June 2015 was adapted by an amendment act in May 2017, following infringement proceedings by the European Commission. Thus, the pricing of short-term vignettes has been made more user-friendly and the environmental incentive has been strengthened. The infrastructure charge will be levied with the help of an electronic vignette (e-vignette). The price of an annual vignette for passenger cars will be calculated based on their engine capacity and environmental performance. For motor homes, it will be based on the weight of the vehicle. The Europe-wide procurement procedure for the implementation and operation of the system was launched on 9 June 2017. The infrastructure charge is expected to be levied as from 2019.

Central transport hubs will be joined up to form a coherent core network. Source: Fotolia / i-picture

European infrastructure policy

Facilitating movement throughout Europe

Even though we have a good transport network in Europe, there are many bottlenecks in our system of roads, railways and waterways. For this reason, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure supports the European Commission's desire to better interlink transport infrastructure throughout Europe and to join up the key transport hubs to form a coherent core network. Such a "Trans-European Transport Network" will optimize transport infrastructure, strengthen the Internal Market and improve economic and social cohesion in the European Union. In this way, everyone will be able to move more easily throughout Europe and experience its diversity.

Many long-distance routes pass through Germany

The regulatory framework for the establishment of a more efficient European transport infrastructure is the Regulation on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T). It contains common ideas for the upgrading of around 136,000 km of trunk roads – especially European routes –, around 138,000 km of railway lines and around 23,000 km of inland waterways. The TEN-T will be developed through a dual-layer structure comprising a comprehensive network and a core network. In the core network, nine corridors have been created, reflecting the major long-distance routes in Europe. Six of these corridors pass through Germany. A European coordinator has been appointed for each corridor. Together with the Member States, they are to draw up work plans for the corridors and monitor their implementation. The core network is due to be completed by 2030 and the comprehensive network by 2050.

The EU's “Connecting Europe Facility (CEF)” RegulationThe EU's “Connecting Europe Facility (CEF)” Regulation

The European Commission supports measures and projects for the upgrading of the trans-European transport networks by providing grants and funding instruments. The Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) determines the underlying conditions, for example defining the measures/projects eligible for funding and the level of funding. In the ongoing funding period (2014 to 2020), a total of 12.9 billion euros is available for transport infrastructure. Applications for funding can be submitted by all EU Member States or, with their consent, by public or private sector corporations. In Germany, for instance, the upgrade of the railway line between Saarbrücken and Ludwigshafen (POS North) is being funded. The objective is to link the French high-speed rail network to the German high-speed network, thereby creating a cross-border high-speed rail link. The focus is also on upgrading the around 73 kilometre long railway line between Emmerich and Oberhausen and the 191 kilometre long railway line between Karlsruhe and Basle. Both lines are important segments of the European freight corridor from Rotterdam to Genoa.