In order to tackle the challenges of the 21st century in the field of road transport, the deployment of intelligent transport systems (ITS) is an indispensable element of our transport policy. Here, the focus is on intelligent vehicle and infrastructure systems which can make road transport safer, more efficient and more environmentally friendly by cooperating with each other.
Road transport does not stop at national borders. Therefore, we are promoting the greater use of ITS and their interfaces with other modes of transport not only at the national but also at the European level. In the era of a common European market, well functioning intelligent transport systems require, not least, successful cooperation among the European partners.
Intelligent Transport Systems Act
The Intelligent Transport Systems Act was published in the Federal Law Gazette 2013 Part I, No 29, p. 1553 on 20 June 2013 and entered into force on 21 June 2013. Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2010 on the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other modes of transport (OJ L 207 of 6 August 2010, p. 1) was transposed into German law by the Intelligent Transport Systems Act. "Intelligent Transport Systems" means that traffic-related data are collected, transmitted, processed and utilised by using information and communications technologies with the objective of organization, information and traffic management.
The First Act amending the Intelligent Transport Systems Act entered into force on 25 July 2017. The Act is amended due to European provisions (delegated regulations supplementing Directive 2010/40/EU). Accordingly, a National Body will be established, which is to review the road, traffic and trip data made available by data providers as to their conformity with the requirements of the delegated regulations. The Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt) will be responsible for and will carry out the tasks incumbent on the National Body.
Directive 2010/40/EU stipulates that the Member States of the European Union shall apply the specifications issued by the Commission when implementing priority actions as defined by Article 2. Priority areas within the meaning of the directive are the optimal use of road, traffic and travel data, continuity of traffic and freight management ITS services, ITS road safety and security applications as well as linking the vehicle with the transport infrastructure.
eCall, which must be introduced by all Member States, represents an exception. In the form of a delegated regulation, these are directly applicable EU law; no transposition into national law is required to make them binding. Therefore, the Member States are obliged to enforce these acts.
National ITS Action Plan for the Roads
Without a clear national strategy, Germany would not be able to cooperate constructively and successfully in the European process. With the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure acting as the lead agency, the advisory council consisting of federal ministries, federal states, local authorities, industry and trade associations developed a national ITS Action Plan for the Roads. This plan includes the interfaces with other modes of transport and covers the period to 2020. The ITS Action Plan was agreed with all parties involved and defines the approach to be adopted for the coordinated evolution of existing ITS and the accelerated deployment of new ITS to enhance road safety, improve transport efficiency and reduce the adverse environmental impact of transport. Currently, the focus is on road transport and its interfaces with other modes of transport. The ITS Action Plan includes a roadmap detailing the aims, responsibilities and stages of the individual measures.
An example of the roadmap implementation in Germany is the deployment of a Mobility Data Marketplace (MDM). The Mobility Data Marketplace, which is operated by the Federal Highway Research Institute, is an Internet portal providing information on available traffic data. The MDM connects different providers of data that possess information, for example on the current traffic situation, road works and congestion or journey times, with potential users of the data, such as traffic management centres or traffic information service providers, on the Internet, as an app or in-vehicle. The intention is to designate the Mobility Data Marketplace as the National Access Point within the meaning of EU regulations and to provide data on real-time traffic information, safety-related traffic information as well as information for telematics-controlled truck parking.
In conjunction with the associated roadmap, the ITS Action Plan provides the formal basis for German proposals at the European level. The Action Plan is being continuously updated with new measures.
To develop a common perspective of all players for the Europe-wide introduction of cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS), the European Commission (DG MOVE) has established the "C-ITS Platform". The task of this advisory body is to support the European Commission in developing a "C-ITS Masterplan". After the conclusion of the first stage in January 2016, during which the C-ITS Platform exclusively concentrated on vehicle-to-vehicle or vehicle-to-infrastructure communication, in the second stage it will focus on issues related to automated and connected driving.
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