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Mühlenbach Valley Bridge
Mühlenbach Valley Bridge

Source: isw Institut

Under the 2000–2006 ERDF Federal Programme, resources from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) were, for the first time in Germany, used to upgrade federal transport infrastructure. 1.661 billion euros was available from the ERDF. The funding envelope totalled over  3.226 billion. The national share came primarily from the investment budget of the (then) Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development, supplemented by investment by the federal states and the private sector.

The ERDF Federal Programme was based on a policy decision taken by the Federal Cabinet on 26 May 1999. The minister-presidents of the new federal states had given their consent in principle to such a programme on 12 May 1999. Both decisions took as their starting point an indicative list of planned projects for the ERDF Federal Programme. The European Commission approved the programme on 16 March 2001. The programme was a component of the EU's "Objective 1" funding for the new federal states within the scope of the EU structural funds.

The level of funding to be provided for the individual projects within the scope of the programme was determined by individual decisions taken by the administrative authority. The projects constructed using the approved ERDF resources had to be completed by the end of 2008. In the case of large-scale projects with costs totalling more than 50 million euros the level of funding was approved by individual decisions taken by the European Commission.

Approved large-scale projects

A total of 12 large-scale projects were approved:

  1. Upgrade of the Berlin – Frankfurt/Oder – German-Polish border railway line in project sections 2 and 3: 168 million euros, of which 103 million euros from the ERDF
  2. Construction of new and upgrading of existing infrastructure on the A 113, B 96 and B 96a roads: 149 million euros, of which 87 million euros from the ERDF
  3. Construction of the new A 17 federal motorway from Dresden (B 173) to the German-Czech border: 512 million euros, of which 278 million euros from the ERDF
  4. Construction of a new section of the B 6n federal highway between Wernigerode and Bernburg: 328 million euros, of which 200 million euros from the ERDF
  5. Construction of the new A 71 federal motorway from Oberröblingen junction (A 38) to Erfurt-Bindersleben (in project sections 2 and 4 to 6): 255 million euros, of which 169 million euros from the ERDF
  6. Construction of the new B 96n federal highway from Stralsund junction on the A 20 federal motorway to Altefähr junction on the island of Rügen (Rügen feeder, excluding 2nd Strelasund crossing): 160 million euros, of which 105 million euros from the ERDF
  7. Construction of the new City Tunnel in Leipzig: 383 million euros, of which 128 million euros from the ERDF
  8. Upgrade of the Halle-Weißenfels railway line (provision of a southern link to Halle): 82 million euros, of which 57 million euros from the ERDF
  9. Upgrade of the Paderborn – Chemnitz line (Heart of Germany link): Erfurt – Glauchau-Schönbörnchen section, 2nd delivery phase, upgrade of Gera junction and sections with selective measures: 95 million euros, of which 57 million euros from the ERDF
  10. Construction of the new A 20 federal motorway from Grimmen/Ost junction to Strasburg junction: 374 million euros, of which 26 million euros from the ERDF
  11. Upgrade of the Vienenburg – Halberstadt railway line: 86 million euros, of which 50 million euros from the ERDF
  12. Improvement of the Rostock – Berlin line: 150 million euros, of which 85 million euros from the ERDF