On 19 July 2011, the new Act on the Levying of Distance-Related Charges for the Use of Federal Motorways and Federal Highways (Federal Trunk Road Toll Act) entered into force. This Act replaced the Motorway Toll Act for Heavy Goods Vehicles that was in force until then. In terms of content, the Federal Trunk Road Toll Act is essentially identical to the Motorway Toll Act for Heavy Goods Vehicles that it superseded. The major changes consist of the new rules for the extension of the HGV tolling scheme to include federal highways which, by statutory instrument, were applied to 1,100 km of federal highways for the first time on 1 August 2012.
Under Section 1(1)(2) of the Federal Trunk Road Toll Act in the version of the Third Federal Trunk Road Toll (Amendment) Act of 10 July 2015 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 922), tolls are applicable, as of 1 July 2015, not only to all motorways but also to federal highways or sections of federal highway
- for which the Federal Government is responsible in terms of construction and maintenance,
- that are not roads passing through built-up areas,
- that have two or more lanes in each direction of traffic,
- that have carriageways for the two directions of traffic separated over their entire length – except at at-grade junctions– by a central reservation or other structures and
- are directly connected to a federal motorway, irrespective of a minimum length or
- are indirectly connected to a federal motorway via another tolled federal highway, irrespective of a minimum length or
- have a minimum length of 4 kilometres without being connected to a tolled section of road.
The list of the federal highways affected ("Die Mauttabelle") is publicly accessible and can be downloaded from the websites of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, the Federal Office for Goods Transport, the Federal Highway Research Institute and Toll Collect GmbH. Moreover, the list of additional federal highways on which tolling is to be introduced is also published in the electronic federal register.