Oversight of air navigation service providers
In April 2004, EU regulations were adopted creating a Single European Sky (SES). A major element of these regulations is the functional separation of air navigation services from the supervision of these services. An act has been passed assigning responsibility for oversight to the Federal Supervisory Authority for Air Navigation Services.
Objectives of the Single European Sky
The EU has set the following objectives for the Single European Sky (SES) initiative in order to harmonize the provision of air navigation services in Europe:
- harmonize the certification of air navigation service providers in Europe;
- separate the regulatory functions from the provision of air navigation services;
- enhance capacity while maintaining a high level of safety;
- create common airspaces across national boundaries;
- reduce delays / improve punctuality;
- improve the interoperability of air navigation systems;
- closer civil-military cooperation.
The Federal Supervisory Authority for Air Navigation Services as the national supervisory authority
The separation of air navigation services from supervisory functions requires the establishment of national supervisory authorities to oversee air navigation service providers. Thus, on 4 August 2009, an act entered into force establishing the Federal Supervisory Authority for Air Navigation Services.
This agency has taken over responsibility for overseeing air navigation service providers from the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure. One of its main tasks is to ensure that air navigation service providers comply with the provisions applicable to them and, especially, maintain a high standard of safety.
In addition to the certification of air navigation service providers in accordance with coordinated and uniform European requirements, which is necessary to comply with EU legislation, the supervisory function also includes the continuous oversight of all systems, procedures and persons employed by the respective organizations for the provision of air navigation services.
All operating sites of the air navigation service providers to be supervised, for instance at all international and regional airports, are inspected on a regular basis. In addition, it is essential that a comprehensive reporting system be operated in order to ensure that an overview of serious incidents and planned changes to the system of air navigation services is available at all times.
Responsibilities of the Federal Supervisory Authority for Air Navigation Services
The principal responsibilities of the Federal Supervisory Authority for Air Navigation Services are as follows:
- certification of air navigation service providers;
- continuous safety oversight;
- administration of air navigation service licences and authorizations;
- verification of EC declarations of verification of systems (interoperability);
- safety oversight of air navigation service providers (including meteorological services for air navigation);
- enforcing compliance with building restrictions around air traffic control installations;
- supervision of flight inspection services;
- frequency management in the field of air navigation service applications;
- performance planning for air navigation service providers;
- providing support to the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure in setting air traffic control charges;
- establishment of flight procedures;
prosecution of airspace infringements.
Federal Office for Goods Transport
The Federal Office for Goods Transport is an independent higher federal authority and an executive agency of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure. It performs numerous functions relating to road haulage and makes a valuable contribution towards enhancing safety on Germany’s roads, in particular by carrying out roadside checks. The agency’s remit was widened with the introduction of the distance-based HGV tolling scheme. This illustrates just how important the Federal Office for Goods Transport is in enforcing the market regime in the road haulage sector.
Click on the links below for more information about the responsibilities and organization of this agency.
Bundesamt für Güterverkehr
Federal Highway Research Institute
The Federal Highway Research Institute is the Federal Government’s field-oriented, technical-scientific institute in the field of highway research. It addresses the multiplicity of problems that arise in the relationships between roads, humans and the environment.
Each year, the Institute presents the findings of around 200 research projects, which are also published on the Internet as series of documents.
Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen
51427 Bergisch Gladbach
Federal Agency for Administrative Services
The Federal Agency for Administrative Services, whose head office is in Aurich, is a central service provider in the Federal Transport and Digital Infrastructure Administration. It performs functions in the fields of personnel, organization, payroll accounting, health insurance assistance, civil service pensions and internal auditing for 64 authorities with a total workforce of around 26,000. In addition, the Federal Agency for Administrative Services provides its customers with a wide range of services and support.
Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute
The Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute is the central technical-scientific higher federal authority in the fields of construction, upgrading, operation and maintenance of the federal waterways.
Its main responsibility is the conduct of applied research in the following fields: navigable waterway construction, civil engineering (including the design of structures), geotechnical engineering, hydraulic engineering in the inland waterways sector and hydraulic engineering in the coastal waterways sector (including marine engineering). It is also the central documentation and information agency for these fields.
Bundesanstalt für Wasserbau
Federal Railway Property Agency
The Federal Railway Property Agency was created in 1994 as part of the reform of the railways.
It is responsible for performing those state functions of which Deutsche Bahn AG, which operates in a competitive environment, is to be permanently relieved. To pave the way for a successful reform of the railways, the Federal Railway Property Agency has been given the following main functions:
- personnel management for the civil servants employed by Deutsche Bahn AG and other companies;
- administration of pensions paid to retired civil servants formerly employed by the railways and to their surviving dependants;
- management and disposal of property not required by the railways;
- provision of a medical service (railway doctors);
- maintenance and continuation of the social facilities for railway staff.
Federal Institute of Hydrology
The Federal Institute of Hydrology is the Federal Government’s scientific institute for water-related research, assessment and advice in the fields of hydrology, water use, water quality, ecology and water protection.
The Institute’s activities cover primarily the navigable rivers, canals and coastal waters (federal waterways). In doing so, it helps the Government to deliver an efficient and environmentally sustainable transport system. As a departmental research institution, the Institute is part of the German scientific landscape and has links with numerous other establishments throughout the world.
Bundesanstalt für Gewässerkunde
Am Mainzer Tor 1
Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accident Investigation
The Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accident Investigation is responsible for investigating accidents and serious incidents involving the operation of aircraft in Germany, and for determining and correcting their causes.
Aircraft accidents or incidents have to be reported to the agency, which is manned around the clock. The Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accident Investigation is based in Braunschweig.
Bundesstelle für Flugunfalluntersuchung
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency
The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency with offices in Hamburg and Rostock is an open, modern government agency. It is the maritime partner for industry, science and the environment. A staff of 800 works for the agency in Hamburg and Rostock, the laboratory in Hamburg-Sülldorf and on the 5 survey and research vessels. The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency is the maritime partner for industry, the environment and academia.
The BSH's responsibilities are wide-ranging:
- Storm surge warnings for the North Sea and Baltic Sea
- Forecasting and measuring tides and water levels
- Publishing the official German nautical charts for merchant shipping and small crafts
- Continuous surveying of North Sea and Baltic Sea
- Operating a fleet of five vessels for sea survey, wreck search and marine research: CAPELLA, DENEB, ATAIR, WEGA and KOMET
- Granting planning approval and designation of preferred areas for offshore wind farms
- Approving maritime construction projects such as pipelines or submarine cables
- Providing maritime services for commercial shipping such as tonnage measurement, flag state administration and International Ship Register for Germany
- Support and aids for German commercial ships
- Issuing and verification of international documents for seafarers
- Testing and approving radar, navigation and radio equipment
- Services with the national maritime special library and the national archive for nautical charts
- Marine environmental monitoring and imposing penalties for environmental offenses
- Analyzing oil and water samples in BSH-operated laboratories
- Permanent representation in international committees and at the EU
- International cooperation with several hydrographic services, universities and other research institutions
- Representation in the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie
Telephone: +49 40 3190 - 0
Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie
Telephone: +49 381 4563-5
Federal Bureau of Maritime Casualty Investigation
The Federal Bureau of Maritime Casualty Investigation is responsible for improving the precautions taken to ensure the safety of maritime shipping, including the health and safety of seafarers employed on sea-going ships. By investigating incidents that cause pollution or risks, the agency is also responsible for the interests of marine environmental protection.
Bundesstelle für Seeunfalluntersuchung
German Meteorological Service
The German Meteorological Service, with its headquarters in Offenbach, is the Federal Republic of Germany’s "Met Office". Its main task is to provide warnings of weather-related dangers and to provide forecasting services to ensure the safety of aviation and shipping. In the field of the environment and climate, its range of services comprises environmental advice, climate monitoring plus medical meteorology, hydrometeorology and agricultural meteorology.
Frankfurter Straße 135
Federal Railway Office
The Federal Railway Office is the supervisory and licensing authority for currently 30 railway undertakings and 5 infrastructure companies – principally for Deutsche Bahn AG. A staff of 300 at the headquarters in Bonn deal with policy matters and issue licences and authorizations. A further 1,000, working at 12 regional offices in 15 locations, perform operational activities on the ground.
Federal Motor Transport Authority
The Federal Motor Transport Authority provides a great deal of information to the authorized police forces, the Federal Police, courts and public prosecutor's offices via the Central Transport Information System. It is also the central agency for the Europe-wide exchange of keeper and vehicle data. It compiles and publishes interesting statistics on the basis of the data in the central registers as well as on vehicle defects and freight transport. The Federal Motor Transport Authority has offices in Flensburg and Dresden.
Federal Aviation Office
The Federal Aviation Office was established as a higher federal authority to perform civil aviation functions. It comprises the headquarters in Braunschweig and regional offices in Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main, Hamburg, Munich, Stuttgart and Berlin. The responsibilities of the Federal Aviation Office are governed by the Act on the Federal Aviation Office. Its prime objective is to ensure aviation safety and security.
Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration (WSV)
The Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration (WSV) is responsible for ensuring a safe, smoothly flowing and thus economically efficient shipping traffic. The tasks comprise the maintenance, operation as well as the upgrading and construction of the federal waterways including the locks, weirs, bridges and shiplifts.
The responsibility of the Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration extends to a total of 23,000 km² of maritime waterways and approximately 7,300 km of inland waterways. In addition, we maintain Vessel Traffic Service Centres at waterways in the coastal area and traffic control centres at inland waterways and we use special vessels for different specialist tasks (buoy laying, emergency missions, direction-finding etc.).
Around the clock, our experts on the water and ashore ensure safe traffic flows.
Our leitmotif is: “Facilitate mobility and protect the environment!”