With its location at the heart of Central Europe, Germany is an international air transport hub. There are aviation connections from Germany to every region in the world. An essential part of international transfer traffic in Europe is handled at German airports.
As an economic sector and in its function as service provider for other industries the aviation industry in Germany is of considerable importance to the national economy. Thus aviation in Germany is directly making a significant contribution to growth and employment. In addition the aviation industry successfully connects the German economy with all the relevant supply and sales markets in the world. This creates and ensures further employment and added value in Germany - and also in other fields than air transport.
But air transport does more than that. It also plays a vital role for the personal mobility of people and the tourism industry in Germany and abroad- and largely benefits the economy also in this field.
However, global air transport has been subject to a fundamental structural change for several decades. This was essentially caused by the development of new growth centres especially in Asia, a phenomenon that is going hand in hand with the advancing globalisation. Furthermore, global advances with regard to liberalisation and deregulation were made on the international air transport markets . In the intensified competition in global air transport, especially players from Asia and the Middle East are able to strengthen their competitive edge and win market shares.
In order to strengthen Germany’s competitiveness as an air transport hub, the coalition parties CDU, CSU and SPD agreed in their agreement on the 18th parliamentary term to develop an air transport concept in this term.
In Germany, the Federal Government and the federal states are responsible for the aviation administration. The active participation of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) in European and international air transport bodies is a key element of the administrative work.