The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure's electric mobility financial assistance programme
Involved throughout the transport sector
With its ongoing Electric Mobility Financial Assistance Programme based on the June 2015 Electric Mobility Funding Guidelines, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure is progressing research and development in the field of alternative drivetrains across all modes of transport. In addition, the Federal Transport Ministry is supporting local authority stakeholders in the deployment of electric mobility at the local level, and not just for passenger cars but across the entire spectrum of all modes of transport.
Field trials in the Electric Mobility Financial Assistance Programme
Since 2009, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure has been implementing battery electric mobility projects in the Electric Mobility Pilot Regions financial assistance programme. The objective of this scheme was to achieve area-wide development of the technology and infrastructure from out of certain regional clusters (pilot regions). This was done by conducting numerous field trials as well as pilot and demonstration projects in a total of eight German pilot regions. One of these regions was, and still is, Hamburg: in Germany's second largest city, trials have been conducted to identify ways of integrating electric vehicles and the associated charging infrastructure into the everyday life of a major metropolis. Further forward-looking battery electric mobility programmes have been tested in the following regions: Rhine/Main, Rhine/Ruhr, Munich, Stuttgart, Berlin/Potsdam, Saxony and Bremen/Oldenburg.
Since 2015, the programme has had a new name – Electric Mobility at the Local Level. Building on the pilot regions, it has different priorities and is now pursuing a supraregional area-wide approach in order to boost a spread of electric vehicles (market ramp-up) that is as fast as possible.
Electric Mobility at the Local Level
To enable electric vehicles to take hold across the board as quickly as possible, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure's current Electric Mobility Funding Guidelines assist local authorities in actually implementing the breakthrough of electrically powered vehicles, including the necessary infrastructure, at the local level. To this end, they harness the potential inherent in towns and cities. Because local authority stakeholders are frequently the operators of vehicle fleets and motor pools and at the same time are responsible for mobility planning and general transport development at the local level. With its Electric Mobility Funding Guidelines, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure is supporting the provision of electric vehicles with the aim of increasing the numbers of vehicles, especially in local authority fleets. By deploying the charging infrastructure required for these vehicles and connecting it to the electricity grid, thereby creating a connection with renewable energy sources, it is also supporting the decarbonization of the transport sector.
A second priority of the Guidelines is the provision of financial assistance to applied research and development schemes. The aim is to reduce the costs of the technologies, components or systems required. The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure's financial assistance programme is coordinated by the National Organization for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology (NOW).
Scientific research support to the programme
At the programme level, the findings of the funded projects are consolidated by scientific research support in order to ensure an exchange of experience among the parties involved. During the "pilot regions" phase, this involved addressing overarching issues in the following thematic areas: user perspective, fleet applications, innovative vehicles and infrastructure and drivetrains, safety, infrastructure, spatial/urban and transport planning plus regulatory law. Since 2016, this scientific research support has been consolidating the relevant issues regarding market ramp-up and the further interlinking of electric mobility stakeholders within the context of electric mobility at the local level. The current thematic areas are now innovative drivetrains and vehicles, charging infrastructure, the regulatory framework and the market plus connected mobility.