The Convention on the Protection of the Alps was signed by all eight states of the Alpine Space (Germany, Austria, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Switzerland and Slovenia) as well as by the European Community on 7 November 1991 and entered into force on 19 December 2002.
The Alpine Convention is the basis for preserving and protecting the endangered Alpine regions and is binding under international law. A total of eight amending protocols on sectoral issues as well as the protocol on the solution of litigations were adopted. The protocols flesh out important provisions of the Alpine Convention. They are, among other things, the basis for strengthening regional cooperation in the Alpine Space and the prerequisite for the practical implementation of the objectives of the Alpine Convention.
Protocol on the Implementation of the Alpine Convention in the Field of Transport (Transport Protocol)
The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure is responsible for the implementation of the objectives of the Transport Protocol. In this protocol, the contracting parties commit to a sustainable transport policy that is, among others, characterized by the following elements:
- Intermodal transport policy: A holistic transport policy that contributes to the sustainable development of the Alpine region.
- Ensuring the movement of intra-Alpine and transalpine transport by increasing the effectiveness and the efficiency of transport systems.
- Promoting modes of transport which are environmentally-friendly and economic in terms of natural resources at economically bearable costs.
- Ensuring fair competition between the different modes of transport.
Transport Working Group of the Alpine Convention
The Alpine Convention established working groups for the implementation of the eight protocols. The groups are given corresponding mandates for a limited period of time (usually two years). In the context of the Transport Working Group, the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure is working together with the other Alpine countries on cross-border solutions for the challenges that intra-Alpine and transalpine transport is facing.